Bandha is a psychomuscular energy lock in the body which redirects the flow of energy and locks it in a particular area. Muscles and organs are contracted and controlled. There are three main bandhas in the human body.
Moola Bandha means perineum contraction and is probably the most well known of the bandhas. This bandha is a contraction of muscles in the pelvic floor. In men the area between the anus and testes is contracted whereas in women the area contracted is behind the cervix where the uterus meets the vagina. There are numerous benefits from performing moola bandha including:
- stimulates the nervous system in the pelvic area
- tones the excretory system and urino-genital system
- relieves constipation and piles and may have a positive effect on the prostate gland
- lessens the impact of depression by realigning mind, body and spirit
Uddiyana Bandha is an abdominal contraction. To be effective it needs to be practised on an empty stomach and ideally the practitioner needs to have empty bowels. Contraction of this Bandha is an advanced technique and should be practised under guidance. The benefits are many including:
- relieves abdominal and stomach disturbances such as constipation, indigestion and diabetes.
- tones the abdominal organs
- stimulates blood circulation in the abdominal area.
- stimulates the solar plexus around the centre of the belly.
- When engaged the Uddiyana Bandha can help the practitioner lift up in a controlled jump in Ashtanga Yoga practice thus giving a sense of lightness to the body as though flying up into a jump. Uddiyana literally means ‘flying up’.
Jalandhara Bandha is a contraction of the throat area. It is a lock that stimulates the blood vessels and nerves of the neck. The head is bent forward so that the chin presses on the neck or throat pit. The practice once again is best done under the guidance of a yogic practitioner. The benefits include:
- gives a feeling of relaxation
- relieves stress and anxiety.
- stimulates and balances the thyroid glands
- regulates metabolism.
For details on how to perform the bandhas see entry 3 in the Bibliography below. It is best to find a qualified teacher to explain and demonstrate exactly how the locks are to be made.
This A-Z series of blogs focuses on unpacking the Sanskrit terms used in yoga.
1 Hewitt, James, (1977, 1983), The Complete Yoga Book, Cresset Press
2 Long, Ray, (2006), The Key Muscles of Hatha Yoga, Scientific Keys Volume 1
3 Saraswati, Satyananda, (2005 reprint) Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha, Yoga Publications Trust, Bihar, India